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Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Kuah, Weiqi; Chew, Yee Hur William
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The Euromaidan Revolution in Ukraine in 2014 saw a series of violent events leading to the ousting of then-President Yanukovych. Opposition to the revolution spiraled into the annexation of Crimea by Russia and ongoing skirmishes in eastern and southern Ukraine. Akin to the Arab Spring in 2011 that illustrated the influence of new media in galvanizing disparate groups to revolt against state authorities, we show that the analysis of sentiments through social media messages relating to the...
Topics: Euromaidan, Ukraine, social media, Twitter, exonyms, collective violence
The flow patterns of two oil mist nozzles used in rotor blade excitation experiments were characterized using a Laser Doppler Velocimeter (LDV). Both nozzles were operated in a vacuum test chamber and velocity measurements were taken at three axial distances from the nozzle exit, at three or four different pressures, at three different temperatures. The 4 gallon per hour \"mini-mist\" nozzle produced a \"referenced velocity\" consistent with a hollow cone at each axial...
Topics: Mechanical engineering, Mechanics, Pressure, Temperature, Lasers
Naval Postgraduate School
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Flow around second-generation controlled-diffusion blades in cascade at stall was investigated using fivehole probe surveys. Wake pressure surveys were conducted at various locations between the cascade centerline and endwall region. Corresponding inlet pressure surveys were also performed to allow the total pressure loss distribution to be calculated across the blades. A fully automated traverse mechanism was implemented for the probe surveys ahead of and aft of the cascade blades. The number...
Topics: Mechanical engineering, Wind tunnels, Diffusion, Automation
This thesis researches the elements of the art of influence in an unconventional warfare environment to develop a model of influence that can be utilized by Special Forces conducting unconventional warfare. The research was based on several premises: (1) the strategic utility of Special Forces (SF) lies in its ability to influence a target audience in an unconventional warfare (UW) environment; (2) the nature of UW necessitates a bottom up and nonkinetic approach to influence in order to have...
Topics: Special operations (Military science), Social psychology, Sea control, Naval research
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Windmueller, Armin K.
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The US military has proven its strengths many times over through its ability to dominate opponents on the conventional battlefield. However, when it comes to irregular wars and insurgent conflicts, which are defined by enemies who conduct war from the shadows and refuse to meet on the open field, finding success has been far more difficult. The nature and dynamics of these unconventional wars are dramatically different from the conventional warfare realm, and require innovative approaches and...
Topics: Special operations (Military science), Linguistics, Special forces (Military science), Military...
Naval Postgraduate School
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The Department of Defense (DoD) is responsible for over 70% of all federal government-reported assets. As of fiscal year 2017—as reported by the Government Accountability Office in a document titled The Navy Needs to Improve Internal Control over its Buildings—the DoD reported on its financial statements over 562,000 facilities and 24.9 million acres around the world, with a plant replacement value (PRV) of $880 billion. The DoD cannot demonstrate that the information is accurate and...
Topics: Facility Sustainment Model, FSM, internet Navy Facilities Assets Data Store, iNFADS, Financial...
Naval Postgraduate School
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The use of decentralized virtual currencies (DVCs) by terrorist organizations (TOs) on a significant scale could present unique challenges for regulators, policy makers, and law enforcement because they offer the potential for an illicit funding network that can be very difficult to disrupt or even detect. However, the body of existing research regarding the threat of terrorists' use of DVCs has determined that though it has become the payment method of choice for cybercriminals and many...
Topics: virtual currency, cryptocurrency, cross-border payment systems, money laundering, terror finance,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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The purpose of this thesis was to explore the modern threats to the maritime homeland security environment and the effectiveness of Area Maritime Security Committees (AMSCs) in preventing and responding to transportation security incidents. AMSCs are deliberately designed to encompass senior representatives of numerous stakeholders in the maritime homeland security enterprise, such as law enforcement, fire, industry, and labor. There were two research questions used in this project: What are...
Topics: maritime security, Area Maritime Security Committees
Naval Postgraduate School
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This thesis explores the potential benefits of two, three, and four-node distributed radar networks with the potential to provide a received SNR proportional to n2 times that of a single-node system, where n is the number of nodes in the network. By plotting the Cassini curves for these distributed radar networks along with the Cassini curves of a monostatic radar system for the same level of received SNR, these benefits are graphically demonstrated. The SNR gains result in a much larger area...
Topics: Synchronization, Radar
In 2017, Army Contracting Command – Aberdeen Proving Ground (ACC-APG) surveyed the organizational climate of its 12 contracting divisions and found areas in need of improvement. This research seeks to identify if ACC-APG leadership can improve organizational climate by altering workload levels. To do this, this research assessed whether a relationship exists between the Defense Equal Opportunity Management Institute (DEOMI) 2017 ACC-APG organizational climate survey results and ACC-APG’s...
Topics: organizational climate, correlation, workload, Army Contracting Command, Aberdeen Proving Ground,...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Killila, John M.
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This study examines some of the criteria used in selecting Naval Academy graduates for entry into the Navy's Nuclear Power Program. Data from 1,096 Naval Academy graduates who attended Nuclear Power School (NPS) between 1997 and 2003 is analyzed using hierarchal linear regressions. Two models are used in the study. In the first model the independent variables are major type, service community assigned, and Order of Merit (class rank). In the second model the independent variables are major...
Topic: Education
Naval Postgraduate School
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Airfield Damage Repair (ADR) is among the most important expeditionary activities for our military. The goal of ADR is to restore a damaged airfield to operational status as quickly as possible. Before the process of ADR can begin, however, the damage to the airfield needs to be assessed. As a result, Airfield Damage Assessment (ADA) has received considerable attention. Often in a damaged airfield, there is an expectation of unexploded ordnance, which makes ADA a slow, difficult, and dangerous...
Topics: airfield damage assessment, airfield damage repair, 3D point cloud, image stitching, neural...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Schreiber, Charla W.
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Over the past few decades, advances in aeronautic and control technologies have established a new vision for future air transportation systems. NASA has initiated the motion with several programs supporting the \"highway of the sky,\" a system of launch pads and air pathways enabling smaller and more easily piloted aircraft to travel the open space above instead of busy freeways and crowded city streets. Previous investigations into crossflow fan technology as a propulsion source have...
Topics: Space vehicles, Cross-flow (Aerodynamics)
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Turner, Kyle Hugh.
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Commanding Officer's Standing Orders are critical to shipboard watch standing. Written by the captain and used by watch standers, Standing Orders perform many unique and powerful functions aboard ships. Using genre theory, this study provides insight into the specific roles Standing Orders play. This insight also provides deeper perspective into commanding officer to watch stander relationships, as well as the nature of CO power aboard ships. Deeper understanding of the role Standing Orders...
Topics: Leadership, Methodology, Written communication, Decision making
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Deterding, Stephen L.; Safko, Blake
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Experts have been predicting the onset of cyber warfare for decades. Yet, despite the relative ease and anonymity with which cyber-attacks can be conducted on military targets, the preponderance of historical cyber-related actions has been largely confined to the realms of espionage and crime. So far, close integration of cyberspace operations with terrestrial military operations is a rare, if slightly growing, occurrence in warfare. While discussions about cyber warfare have raged in academia...
Topics: cyber, Internet, cyber-war, MDB, CYBERCOM
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Maldonado, Angel R.; Viana, Aaron E.; Costa, Renato
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Marine Corps unrestricted officers are required to follow a pre-determined career roadmap that makes them more competitive for promotion and O-5-level command. The purpose of this MBA project was to research the post–entry-level education system for unrestricted officers. The project aimed to determine if a more focused career path is both attainable and beneficial to the Marine Corps and what this model would look like. The research utilized unrestricted ground supply officers as the test...
Topics: USMC, ground supply officer, 3002, 0402, education, Officer Professional Military Education, OPME,...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Scully, Kevin.
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In the face of Tehran's vitriolic rhetoric and outright refusal to cooperate with the International Atomic Energy Agency, why do Russia, China and India refuse to support the United States and the EU-3 in their efforts to curtail Iran's pursuit of a complete and indigenous nuclear fuel cycle? Russia's motivations stem from its desire to establish itself as a counter to American hegemony and also to maximize its significant financial relationship with Iran. China's booming economy is dependant...
Topics: Nuclear weapons, Iran, International relations
Naval Postgraduate School
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The purpose of this study is to identify the conditions that support successful third-party intervention into foreign intrastate conflicts on behalf of resistance movements—specifically, movements aiming at revolution or regime change. While the United States successfully intervened into and even generated resistance movements during the Cold War, most of its interventions failed to achieve strategic objectives. That trend continues today: most saliently, the U.S. military is still present in...
Topics: unconventional warfare, irregular warfare, third-party intervention, intrastate conflict
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Schuster, Christopher Mark.
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The phenomenon known as Negative Bias Temperature Instability (NBTI) impacts the operational characteristics of Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor (CMOS) devices, and tends to have a stronger effect on p-channel devices. This instability is observed with an applied \"on\" biasing during normal operation and can be accelerated with thermal stress. A normal applied electrical bias on CMOS transistors can lead to the generation of interface states at the junction of the gate oxide...
Topics: Semiconductors, Reliability
Naval Postgraduate School
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This study examines mentorship experienced by female Marine Corps officers and its influences on career decisions, with a particular focus on retention. The Marine Corps recently stated its desire to increase the percentage of female Marines from 8% to 10%. This new goal might be attained through a more robust recruiting strategy; however, if the number of female Marines who attrite upon their initial contract remains constant, the organization will face difficulties meeting this goal,...
Topics: female Marine Corps officer, retention, turnover, career decision, mentorship, mentoring, early...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Sharpe, Richard R.
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This thesis examines two examples of strategic deception campaigns - interwar Germany and modern Iraq - to determine the necessity for a clear framework, to decide how deception campaigns might meet overall national strategic goals. With the mindset of a pending overhaul in the way that the Department of Defense conducts business, understanding the importance of deception will become increasingly vital as the military becomes lighter and leaner. With such a change in the makeup of the force,...
Topics: Deception, Weapons of mass destruction
Naval Postgraduate School
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This thesis examines one central issue: How has the U.S. Army improved security force assistance (SFA) design with the implementation of the SFA Brigade (SFAB)? Secondarily, it investigates whether failures at the strategic policy level inhibited the accomplishment of enduring security objectives related to the establishment of the new unit. To address this question, the thesis will briefly describe concepts of U.S. strategic thought that underlie the policy consensus to conduct SFA activities...
Topics: U.S. Army, security sector assistance, security cooperation, security assistance, security force...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Sharpe, Marie F.
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In this thesis, the possibilities of tourism as a strategy for economic and social development in Peru are presented. Through the examination of previous governments, beginning with the Belaunde administration in 1963, the obstacles that Peru has faced in route to development are identified. Identification of the predominant issues at hand, unemployment, poverty and inequality, allows for further analysis of the policies implemented to stabilize the economy as well as provide immediate...
Topics: International relations, Tourism
Naval Postgraduate School
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Using transactional data from Royal Australian Navy (RAN) HR systems from 2002 to 2018, this thesis produces length-of-service/survival profiles for the RAN Officers and Sailors with a focus on testing for heterogeneity in survival profiles along their characteristic dimensions of rank, workforce category/workgroup, gender, age group and calendar year of enlistment cohort. These survival profiles will inform the RAN about the probability of a member remaining in the service at any point in...
Topics: survival analysis, length of service, survival profile, survival function, hazard function
Naval Postgraduate School
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The concepts of DoD information operations and network centric warfare are still in their infancy. In order to develop concepts, the right conceptual models need to be developed from which to design and implement these concepts. Information operations and network centric warfare are fundamentally based on trust decisions. However, the key to developing these concepts is for DoD to develop the organizational framework from which trust, inside and outside, of an organization may be achieved and...
Topics: Trust models, network centric warfare, Computer security, Information operations
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Shockley, Keith J.
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Technological complexities of current ground combat systems require advanced maintenance methods to keep the fleet in a state of operational readiness. Currently, maintenance personnel use paper Technical Manuals (TM) that are cumbersome and not easily transportable or updated in the field. This thesis proposes using the latest technology to support maintainers in the field or depot by integrating the TMs with the onboard diagnostics Built-In-Test (BIT) and Fault Isolation Test (FIT) of the...
Topics: Artificial intelligence, Engineering applications
Naval Postgraduate School
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The Tanzania Peoples Defense Force (TPDF) was established as a people's army entrusted with the traditional roles and missions of defending the United Republic of Tanzania against external enemies. The end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union changed the strategic environment. Refugees from conflict torn areas, poaching, small arms proliferation, political fundamentalism, drug trafficking, transnational terrorism, and environmental degradation threaten internal security. At...
Topics: Human Resource Management, Personnel Capabilities, Peoples Militia, Manpower, Career Development
In the FORCEnet Functional Concept document published by the Chief of Naval Operations and the Commandant of the Marine Corps, the leaders of the US Naval Forces called for the development of \"adaptive, distributed networks of commanders, staffs, operating units, supporting organizations, sensors, weapons and other equipment interacting with one another on an underlying infrastructure, as well as the associated command and control policies, concepts, organizations... to allow them to...
Topics: Knowledge management, Information technology
Naval Postgraduate School
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The U.S. Air Force spends approximately $6 billion per year on installation services under Base Operating Support (BOS) contracts. For many installations, BOS contracts represent a sizable portion of the annual base Operations and Maintenance (O&M) budget and contain service critical to peacetime and wartime missions. However, the Air Force enterprise lacks a standardized approach toward acquiring these services; service clusters differ across installations, as do acquisition strategies....
Topics: Base Operating Support Service, BOS contracts, installation support services
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Doskey, Teresa; Johnson, Stacylee
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As is arguably common knowledge among defense procurement professionals, the Department of Defense (DoD) acquisitions process is slow, expensive, and inefficient. Since 1990, the Government Accountability Office (GAO) has highlighted DoD Weapons Systems Acquisition and Supply Chain Management as two high-risk areas requiring focused effort to meet cost, schedule and performance goals. Blockchain technology has the potential to advance these goals. Congress agrees. By transforming how we conduct...
Topics: Blockchain, block chain, smart contracts, bitcoin, DoD acquisition, supply chain, supply-chain, air...
Naval Postgraduate School
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Growing world-wide commitments and potential naval threats in the future will challenge the U.S. maritime forces to become more integrated and interoperable. The Total Fleet Concept calls for a maritime force for the nation that essentially combines the assets and unique capabilities of each maritime agency available to the U.S. government and forms a scalable force that can be employed around the globe to accomplish missions in the national interest. The U.S. Navy is the preeminent maritime...
Topics: Armed Forces, Appropriations and expenditures, Littoral combat ships
In this climate of declining budgets and resources, models and simulations (M&S) have become very beneficial to the U.S. Navy. However, the U.S. Navy's investment in, and use of, M&S for addressing critical operational issues (COIs) within a warship's operational test (OT) program would not be practical unless the particular M&S was determined to be a credible representation of that which would be physically tested. Commander Operational Test and Evaluation Force (COMOPTEVFOR) is...
Topics: Armored vessels, Weapons
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Doyle, David T.; Horowitz, Jason P.
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The Coastal Riverine Force currently has 12 Mark VI patrol boats in its inventory. The operational tempo for the Mark VI is demanding, with an expected operational availability of 300 days a year. Despite two annual Continuous Maintenance Availability periods for each vessel, the Coastal Riverine Force is experiencing readiness shortfalls during deployments due to a lack of replacement material, prompting the analysis of the Mark VI patrol boat deployment supply chain. This research reviews...
Topics: Navy Expeditionary Combatant Command, Mark VI patrol boat, demand, supply, Coastal Riverine Force,...
As software systems increase in size and complexity, so does the need to predict and control scope, schedule, and costs. The United States General Accountability Office has acknowledged weaknesses in the software acquisition process. Industry data indicates that improving the software development process can have significant effect on a project team's ability to generate products within planned scope, schedule, and cost estimates. This thesis focus is on software maintenance, one phase of the...
Topics: Software engineering, Management, Project management, Computer programs
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Drago Alfaro, Alejandro
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Andre-Marie Ampère and Hermann Grassmann each proved the existence of transversal forces in electrodynamics. Nevertheless, even if they coincided on assuming the presence of forces perpendicular to the direction of current flow, only Ampère predicted also a longitudinal component of force. This fundamental disagreement has resulted in a long-lived discussion among many. The purpose of this thesis is to identify the experiments that account for or against the existence of the longitudinal...
Topics: Ampère 's force law, Grassmann's force law, conductors, longitudinal forces
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Ejaz, Atif
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The Saudi–Iranian rivalry forms one of the most important components of the security dynamics of the Middle East. The rivalry has intensified with each country toiling to undermine the other. This dynamic directly affects the prevailing fragile security situation of the Middle East. Although their competition appears to be an ideological one, geo-political motives primarily drive this rivalry. Both countries use religion as an instrument to influence populations across the region. Saudi...
Topic: Saudi-Iranian rivalry
Naval Postgraduate School
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Sea piracy has infested the seven seas throughout history. In modern times, the United States has paid little attention to piracy because the nation's isolated vastness has protected the shipping industry from maritime crime. But the events of 9/11 have changed the lens through which America views security. This thesis investigates modern day piracy and links between piracy and terrorism in order to determine implications for U.S. maritime security strategy. Specifically, the maritime...
Topics: Maritime terrorism, Hijacking of ships
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Laribee, Lena
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Since security is based on trust in authenticity as well as trust in protection, the weakest link in the security chain is often between the keyboard and chair. We have a natural human willingness to accept someone at his or her word. Attacking computer systems via information gained from social interactions is a form of social engineering. Attackers know how much easier it is to trick insiders instead of targeting the complex technological protections of systems. In an effort to formalize...
Topics: Social engineering, Deception
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Nakazono, Garett H.; Dobyns, Matthew M.; Kroll, Philip R.
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This thesis researches the United States’ approach to the illicit networks in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) and, using social network analysis, illuminates characteristics of several networks, thereby providing the U.S. government with options to exert influence over the DPRK regime. As the situation on the Korean Peninsula continues to evolve, it is paramount to look for new approaches that support a peaceful diplomatic resolution or create an advantage over current...
Topics: Democratic People's Republic of Korea, DPRK, North Korea, illicit networks, social network...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Donahue, James R.; Duong, Thien N.; Ameh, Friday E.
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Department of Defense (DoD) program managers’ ability to make effective decisions is critical to a program’s performance. This qualitative study of two DoD program managers shed light into their decision-making processes in complex and chaotic programmatic environments. Additionally, this study specifically focuses on four aggregate categories—leadership, attitude, bureaucracy, and reputation. These categories have profound influences on the program manager’s ability to process...
Topics: program managers, complex and chaotic program environments, qualitative study
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Krueger, Seth R.
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The traditional study of underwater explosions (UNDEX) with respect to ship damage became of interest during World War II when torpedo explosions near a ship created more damage than a direct hit. Following the war, many full scale ship shock trials were conducted that provided much of the empirical data that is used in the field today. However, one type of shock phenomena became of interest in the late 1960s that potentially could be more damaging than a typical underwater explosion; an...
Topic: Underwater explosions
Naval Postgraduate School
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This thesis examines religiosity in the U.S. military and at the U.S. Naval Academy. More specifically, this qualitative study briefly explores whether belief in and practice of religion affects the overall adjustment and experience of midshipmen at the U.S. Naval Academy. Data were collected through focus groups with first and second class midshipmen (seniors and juniors, respectively) in the Classes of 2006 and 2007. Content coding revealed current issues of tolerance, acceptance, diversity,...
Topics: Religiousness, Race discrimination
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Almutairi, Turki Abdullah A.
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Enterprise applications are a type of software used in organizations to provide the functions for one or more business domains. The standard approach to developing enterprise application is using common programming platforms like Java EE or Microsoft .NET. However, in recent years new enterprise applications development platforms called Business Process Management Systems (BPMSs) have emerged. BPMS providers claim that their technologies allow organizations to develop enterprise applications...
Topics: business process management, process centric organizations
Over the course of several years, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has worked diligently to improve the quality of its leaders. Such efforts have focused almost exclusively on initiating or expanding programs related to leadership development. To date, the impact of that exertion might be charitably described as tepid. While the issues associated with existing leaders have received ample attention, the selection process that precipitated them has not. This gap represents an opportunity...
Topics: superforecasting, leadership, prediction, intuition, accountability, recognition, flow state,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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This research will explorethe feasibility of replacing traditional networked desktop personal computers (PC) with a thin client/server-based computing (TCSBC) architecture. After becoming nearly extinct in the early 1990s, thin clients are emerging on the forefront of technology with numerous bandwidth improvements and cost reduction benefits. The results show that TCSBC could provide a practical and financially sound solution in meeting the Navy's need to reduce costs and propagate the latest...
Topics: Sea control, Network computers
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Erwert, Jonathan P.
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Traditional signature-based malware detection is effective, but it can only identify known malicious programs. This thesis attempts to use machine-learning techniques to successfully identify previously unknown malware from a set of Windows executable programs. We analyzed the histogram of 4-, 8-, and 16-bit-sequence values contained in each program. We then analyzed the effectiveness of using these histograms in part or in full as feature vectors for machine learning experiments. We also...
Topics: machine learning, malware analysis, static analysis
Naval Postgraduate School
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This study examines the personal experiences and perceptions of 30 active-duty female naval officers who have used or considered using fertility assistance. Through in-depth interviews and thematic analysis, I document and examine: 1) the experiences of active-duty female naval officers with fertility assistance treatments in the context of their naval careers; 2) how these experiences affected the officers personally, financially, and professionally; and 3) how military service contributed to...
Topics: fertility assistance, assisted reproductive treatment, in vitro fertilization, IVF, embryo...
Waterborne mines pose an asymmetric threat to naval forces. Their presence, whether actual or perceived, creates a low-cost yet very powerful deterrent that is notoriously dangerous and time-consuming to counter. In recent years, autonomous underwater vehicles (AUV) have emerged as a viable technology for conducting underwater search, survey, and clearance operations in support of the mine countermeasures (MCM) mission. With continued advances in core technologies such as sensing, navigation,...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Kirby, Kevin Lee
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The purpose of this thesis is to provide insight into the potential benefits that Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology may provide USSOCOM and other commands in the Global War on Terror. This thesis will explain the basic concept behind RFID, and cite some of the current day applications of today that are revolutionizing the civilian sector. More importantly, this thesis will introduce conceptual security applications that could benefit USSOCOM today, highlighting the possible...
Topics: Radio frequency identification systems, Counterinsurgency
Naval Postgraduate School
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Identifying the influence of eastern boundary current (EBC) dynamical processes on sound speed structure can provide better ocean models for acoustic predictions in littoral regions. This study will explore the effects of currents, wind and eddies on the sound speed structure of two different EBC models, the North Canary Current System (NCCS) and the Leeuwin Current System (LCS). These systems represent classical features of EBCs as well as regional anomalies. This study seeks to introduce...
Topics: Acoustic streaming, Dynamics
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Escobar, Ana Margarita Chavez.
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The purpose of this thesis is to design a new role for security intelligence in new democracies that achieves a proper balance between the security of the state, the intelligence activities, and the individual liberties of its citizens. In this sense, a democratic intelligence system should have a clear legal mandate for its functions and should be controlled and overseen by civilians under democratic principles, such as respect for the rule of law and human rights, accountability and...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Filip, William N.
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Bonuses serve as a valuable tool in attracting and retaining Naval officers. This thesis analyzes the way officer bonuses are currently distributed in the Navy and provides recommended changes based on analysis of scholarly publications. Combining the information gained from current policies and research already conducted in the academic arena, the author proposes a workable bonus structure to meet the recruitment and retention goals while providing the Navy flexibility, quality personnel, and...
Topics: Bonus system, Cost effectiveness, Military pensions
This research examines the usable knowledge gained or refined through Distributed Learning from Naval Postgraduate School for personnel serving in operational billets. The population studied was students currently enrolled or students that had completed the Information Systems and Operations certificate program. The study used a web based survey for data collection and used that data to answer four research questions. The data clearly demonstrates that Distributed Learning is equivalent to...
Topics: Distance education, Soldiers
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Fischer, William D.
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This thesis reviews the potential contributions of the United States Air Force to stabilization and reconstruction operations. Specifically, the Air Force's On-Scene Commanders Course and Air Force Mission Support Group Commanders are assessed as potential Air Force assets that could be employed in stabilization and reconstruction operations. This research will determine the course's ability to satisfy key needs identified in the post-conflict literature and if the course would be useful for...
Topic: Postwar reconstruction
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Hunter, Robert C.
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This thesis examines the loyalty of the Shi'a of Iraq. While some Sunni Arab leaders have recently accused the Shi'a of Iraq of pledging loyalty to Iran, in fact the Iraqi Shi'a are loyal to their own nation. The Shi'a have developed different identities in Iran and Iraq due to different historical legacies and patterns of conversion. Modern religious-based political activists in the two nations have responded to their different circumstances with different policies. Ba'athist Party programs...
Topics: ShiÌ Ê»ah, Iran, History, Islam
The Integrated Mobile Alert System (IMAS) is a mobile device message alerting system that provides a means for people to stay connected and receive information in a modality that is constantly available to them. The focus of this research is to develop a proof of concept for the common data format and common platform aspect of the proposed architecture. This project concentrates on the design characteristics of the IMAS-portal and server-side database. The thesis determines a way to aggregate,...
Topics: Internet, Web portals
This thesis will focus on academia, specifically the Naval Postgraduate School, and its requirement to implement an education program that allows facilitators to properly inform future students on the gradual implementation of Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) technology while phasing out Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4) from the current curriculum as the transition to IPv6 progresses. The DoD's current goal is to complete the transition of all DoD networks from IPv4 to IPv6 by fiscal year...
Topics: Computer network protocols, Local area networks (Computer networks)
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Kelly, Rodney D.
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The military concept of a Center of Gravity (COG) in conflicts, introduced by Carl von Clausewitz in the 1820s, is now an element of numerous military doctrines that planners draw on in designing strategies for winning wars. Over the last twenty-five years, the concept has become increasingly central to U.S. warfare doctrine. The world has changed a great deal since the introduction of COG. And in today's asymmetric environment, in which non-state actors use unconventional tactics, it is...
Topics: Asymmetric warfare, Warfare, Conventional
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Spies, James R.
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Past, current and future military endeavors will invariably involve conflict at the sub-state level. A recurring problem in the study of insurgent conflict is a lack of data that has the breadth, depth, and historical accuracy to provide insight as to why, at the individual level, people participate in insurgency. Accessibility to street gangs provides a comprehensive source of data not seen in insurgencies. Street gangs provide a \"ground truth\", to the interaction between the state...
Topics: Insurgency, Gang members
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Eovito, Bryan A.
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This research assesses the impact of synchronous (real-time), text-based chat on military command and control (C2) processes. Chat use among the services, particularly among joint forces, has evolved in ad hoc fashion to fill gaps in currently fielded C2 systems. This growth-by-improvisation inhibits clear definition of the underlying requirements: precisely what C2 deficiencies are being addressed by text-based chat tools? Or, from a bottom-up perspective: what capabilities do text-based chat...
Topics: Computer networks, Command and control systems
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Faye, Wagane.
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In the 1980s, Senegalese ethnic harmony was tarnished by the emergence of the Mouvement des Forces DeÌ mocratiques de la Casamance (MFDC). The major demand of this organization was the independence of Casamance, a southern province of Senegal. In the initial years of the movement (1980-1990), the MFDC capitalized upon the grievances of the local populations, and received support from them. In the first half of the 1990s, it began to receive substantial support from neighboring countries and in...
Topics: Civil war, Senegal
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Eimers, Karl P.
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Gallium Nitride (GaN) High Electron Mobility Transistors (HEMTs) are microwave power devices that promise to revolutionize the capability of Navy radar systems. The Office of Naval Research is currently finding basic research of developing microwave power amplifiers for use in future radar systems. This thesis incorporates piezoelectric (PZ) equations in the Silvaco Atlas software for modeling GaN/AlGaN structures. The PZ effect enhances a two dimensional electron gas at the GaN/AIGaN interface...
Naval Postgraduate School
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U.S. special operations forces (SOF) are likely to undertake missions against terrorists, insurgents, and other enemies where they will encounter explosive hazards. Identification, detection, and neutralization of weapons of mass destruction, improvised explosive devices, booby-traps, and similar weapons requires the support of technicians trained in explosive ordnance disposal (EOD), an expertise that is not resident in SOF units. Consequently, there is a need for EOD technicians with SOF...
Topics: Improvised explosive devices, Detection, Terrorism
Naval Postgraduate School
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This thesis utilized a multi-method approach to conduct exploratory research regarding the use and abuse of alcohol by midshipmen at the United States Naval Academy (USNA). Quantitative data were analyzed regarding midshipmen perceptions of abuse. Over 50% of midshipmen consider alcohol abuse as a problem at the Academy. Focus groups were conducted in order to gather qualitative data concerning midshipmen drinking behaviors. Midshipmen representing all four classes at USNA reported significant...
Topics: Alcoholism, Sailors, Midshipmen
Naval Postgraduate School
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The objective of the Small Robot Technology (SMART) initiative at the Naval Post Graduate School (NPS) is to develop robots for military uses. One of the goals of this program is to create a surf--zone reconnaissance robot to do beachhead surveillance and mine detection. To this end, a prototype robot was created to test the locomotion and navigation functions which will be used on the surf--zone robot. This work consisted of redesigning the steering mechanism, strengthen the structure,...
Topics: Autonomous robots, Navigation
Naval Postgraduate School
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As the primary source of officers for the Navy and Marine Corps team, the Naval Academy's reputation is marked by the quality of its graduates. At the United States Naval Academy, the Color Company Competition annually honors the highest performing company within the Brigade of Midshipmen. This competition includes measures of academic, athletic and professional measures of performance. Using data obtained through the Institutional Research Department, the Physical Education Department, as well...
Topics: Sailors, Achievement motivation
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Martin, Michael W.
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This work presents a conceptual structure for the behaviors of artificial intelligence agents, with emphasis on creating teamwork through individual behaviors. The goal is to set up a framework which enables teams of simulation agents to behave more realistically. Better team behavior can lend a higher fidelity of human behavior representation in a simulation, as well as provide opportunities to experiment with the factors that create teamwork. The framework divides agent behaviors into three...
Topics: Artificial intelligence, Software engineering
Naval Postgraduate School
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Since January 2005 Pakistan's Baluchistan province has been embroiled in a rash of violence that threatens to deteriorate into civil war. Is this recent violence yet another recurrence of state-periphery tensions, or is it a qualitatively new phenomenon which threatens U.S. and Pakistan interests in the region? This thesis analyzes the historical causes of Baluch political violence in order to determine why Baluchistan is again enmeshed in bloody conflict. Violence in Baluchistan historically...
Topic: Military art and science
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Diamond, Scott M.
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This thesis focuses on developing and analyzing a model for an aerially deployed real-time targeting sensor net to close the current gap that exists between the potential technological-doctrinal capability within society and that of the military. It outlines current real-time targeting need due to the decomposition of warfare after the fall of the Soviet Union, and portrays the targeting discrepancies in the Global War on Terror. From end-user surveys requirements are layed out for a system of...
Topics: Systems engineering, Asymmetric warfare
Naval Postgraduate School
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Formal verification is required for systems that require high assurance. Formal verification can require large and complex proofs that can drastically affect the development life cycle. Through the use of a verification system, such proofs can be managed and completed in an efficient manner. A verification system consists of a specification language that can express formal logic, and an automated theorem tool that can be used to verify theorems and conjectures within the specifications. One...
Topics: Automatic theorem proving, Information asymmetry
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Diefenderfer, Graig T.
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The use of biometrics is an evolving component in today's society. Fingerprint recognition continues to be one of the most widely used biometric systems. This thesis explores the various steps present in a fingerprint recognition system. The study develops a working algorithm to extract fingerprint minutiae from an input fingerprint image. This stage incorporates a variety of image pre-processing steps necessary for accurate minutiae extraction and includes two different methods of ridge...
Topics: Biometric identification, Fingerprints
Naval Postgraduate School
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Autonomous object recognition is an active area of interest for military and commercial applications: Given an input image from an infrared or range sensor, find interesting objects in those images and then classify those objects. In this work, automatic target recognition of ship types in an infrared image is explored. The first phase segments the original infrared image in order to obtain the ship silhouette. The second phase calculates moment functions of those silhouettes that guarantee...
This thesis examines the United States policy for establishing overseas military bases particularly in Central Asia. The major transformational trends in improving United States military capabilities over the past two decades, and the changing international security environment, have shaped the way American leaders focus on their global military posture strategy. Immediately following the September 11, 2001 terrorist attack, the United States moved quickly to establish a presence in Uzbekistan...
Topics: Strategy, Stability
This thesis will argue that the United States should attempt to increase its access to training opportunities in the Republic of the Philippines. In 2003, the Pentagon outlined plans which called for the realignment and transformation of U.S. forces across the globe. The planned realignment of U.S. forces in Northeast Asia necessitates access to new training areas in Southeast Asia. This thesis will identify why the United States should focus its efforts in the Philippines by identifying: 1)...
Topics: Military training camps, Philippines, Military doctrine, United States
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Connelly, Jonathan S.
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This thesis deals with the characterization of the dependence on the flow geometry of the streamwise fluctuations of the stagnation point of vortex breakdown in axisymmetric tubes and over delta wing aircraft. The statistical analysis presented herein shows that in an axisymmetric tube the 'darting' about the mean stagnation point are distributed normally for the two Reynolds numbers: ReD = 230,000 and 300,000 (independently of the Reynolds number in the range noted). The darting over a delta...
Topics: Turbulence, Mathematical models, Stagnation point
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Willett, Devon K.
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.2 billion in savings. We also investigate the influence of using two different measures of pier capacity and incorporate 30 new ships and submarines to demonstrate SHIP's ability to station the proposed future force structure.
Topics: Military base closures, Warships
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Crisafulli, John R.
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Immediately following the attacks of September 11, 2001, a small number of U.S. Army Special Forces (USSF) invaded the Al Qaeda safe haven of Afghanistan. USSF A-teams, operating with almost total independence, conducted highly successful Unconventional Warfare \"through, with, and by\" the indigenous Afghan militias of the Northern Alliance. The USSF and their indigenous Afghan armies rapidly deposed the Taliban regime and denied the Al Qaeda terrorists their training and support...
Topic: Terrorism
Naval Postgraduate School
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During the 2005 North Atlantic hurricane season, an objective tropical cyclone vortex identification and tracking technique was applied to analyzed and forecast fields of three global operational numerical models- the National Centers for Environmental Prediction Global Forecast System (GFS), the Navy Operational Global Atmospheric Prediction System (NOGAPS), and the United Kingdom Meteorological Office model (UKMET). For the purpose of evaluating each model's performance with respect to...
Topics: Forecasting, Cyclones, Tropics, Linear programming
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Ginther, Tricia A.
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Recent world events have affected the rates at which the United States Army Reserve (USAR) recruits and retains enlisted members. As these rates fluctuate, it becomes difficult for the USAR to forecast its recruiting requirements. This thesis describes a statistical model and an associated software tool designed to provide precise forecasts of aggregate USAR enlisted personnel trends. In particular, the tool can assist in forecasting specific USAR enlisted end strength requirements using...
Topics: Armed Forces, Reserves, Recruiting and enlistment
Naval Postgraduate School
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For decades our military has been designed and funded as a conventionally superior force on the battlefield employing the most devastating and advanced weapon systems the world has ever seen (World, War I, II, Operation Desert Storm, and Phase I of Operation Iraqi Freedom). However, in low intensity conflicts (LICs) or irregular warfare (IW) campaigns, U.S. forces are faced with an irregular enemy, one that does not choose to fight our forces directly but rather through unconventional or...
Topics: Swarming (Military science), Irregular warfare
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Sahin, Ilker; Aksoy, Baybora
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A relational database management system (RDBMS) is a software product that structures data in accordance with the relational data model and permits data manipulation based on relational algebra. There are two widely-used query languages for the relational database management systems (RDBMS's). These are Structured Query Language (SQL) and Query By Example (QBE). Although these languages are powerful, they both have drawbacks concerning ease-of-use, especially in expressing universal...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Gilliom, Jonathan.
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With modern naval vessels headed in the direction of integrated power systems, new attention must be paid to efficiency of both power and space. However, modern designs for ship power systems often incorporate DC link converters, or synchroconverters, into their design. Not only does this add extra steps into the power conversion process, it also adds the DC link, which requires large capacitors and can aggravate problems experienced in a short circuit. Modern research for cycloconverters is...
Topics: Power resources, Frequency changers
The ability to analyze data quickly and transform it into important information is vital for information superiority. However, the amount of available data is increasing and the time to make decisions is decreasing. There is too much data for humans to sift through and filter for decision making, so computer automation is necessary. The current approach to automating data processing is to hard-code programs to parse particular data formats, but this approach is not flexible enough to handle the...
Topics: Semantics, Automation
Naval Postgraduate School
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This thesis investigates the feasibility of projecting ground-based laser power to energize a spacecraft electrical bus via the solar panels. The energy is projected through a telescope, using modern optical compensation systems, at controlled wavelengths. Research conducted on high-energy lasers has matured to the point today, that the bulk of the power required by spacecraft on orbit can be projected from the surface of the earth. With battery life being the greatest limitation on spacecraft...
Topics: Solar energy, Space vehicles
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Hall, Philip D.
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Future Navy Capabilities indicate the need for a supersonic cruise missile. Thus the need exists for a low cost, light-weight, and efficient means of supersonic propulsion. NPS has been developing the Pulse Detonation Engine, which in theory has a thermodynamic efficiency greater than 50% as compared to 35% for state of the art constant-pressure cycles currently in use in gas turbines/ramjets/scramjets. Nonetheless, there are two major problems in the development of this engine. These are the...
Topics: Propulsion systems, Airplanes, Ramjet engines
Naval Postgraduate School
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One day fully autonomous AUV's will no longer require human interactions to complete its missions. To make this a reality, the AUV must be able to safely navigate in unfamiliar environments with unknown obstacles. This thesis builds on previous work conducted at NPS's Center for AUV Research to improve the autonomy of the REMUS class of AUVs with an implemented FLS. The first part of this thesis deals with accurate path following with the use of look-ahead pitch calculations. With the use of a...
Topics: Submersibles, Splines, Sonar
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Groh, Ty L.
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This thesis addresses the efforts of different states to establish their authority over the Pashtun ethnic group. The Pashtun are at the heart of the conflict in Afghanistan, and provide both an important and current example of why \"ungoverned spaces\" have become such hot topic among many of the world's countries. People that exist within a sovereign state's borders and outside the state's authority present a dangerous problem to both the state itself and the international...
Topics: Pushtuns, Eastern question (Central Asia), Ethnology, Afghanistan
Naval Postgraduate School
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The Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB) is a test that approximately 700,000 students in 12,000 high schools take each year to determine military occupation placement. Form Assembly for the ASVAB refers to the selection of 20-35 questions, known as items, from an item pool of approximately 300 items to create a paper and pencil test in one of its ten topics. Previous research formulates form assembly as an Integer Linear Program (ILP). The current ASVAB mostly uses a Computer...
Topics: Ability, Testing, Operations research, Computer adaptive testing
Naval Postgraduate School
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This thesis describes the implementation of an ELINT algorithm for the detection and classification of Low Probability of Intercept (LPI) signals. The algorithm was coded in the C programming language and executed on a Field Programmable Gate Array based reconfigurable computer; the SRC-6 manufactured by SRC Computers, Inc. Specifically, this thesis focuses on the preprocessing stage of an LPI signal processing algorithm. This stage receives a detected signal that has been run through a...
Topics: Computer algorithms, Low probability of intercept radar
Naval Postgraduate School
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The dramatic political and economic events, both globally and within the United States, during the early 1990s led to significant changes to the Navy shipyard organizational structure. As part of the Navy maintenance regionalization and consolidation program, the financial management system used to manage these commands has been changed. Specifically, the Navy has shifted two of its four shipyards, with authorization to shift the other two in FY07, from the Navy Working Capital Fund to mission...
Topics: Shipyards, Maintenance
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Tighe, Jan Elizabeth
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In this thesis, we develop the forward channel model for a DS-CDMA cellular system operating in a slow-flat Rayleigh fading and lognormal shadowing environment, which incorporates the extended Hata model to predict median path loss. Forward error correction is integrated into the model by applying convolution encoding with soft-decision decoding. The worst-case probability of bit error for a mobile user at the edge of the center cell of a seven-cell cluster is developed using Gaussian...
Naval Postgraduate School
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The aim of this thesis is to show that Germany has to enhance its effort to integrate and transform national forces into European armed forces, while it retains the core values of democracy amid a growing emphasis on cultural and ideological conflict. Ultimately this thesis will develop a model that maps out the political consequences of transformation and puts it into an educational framework for practical application in the ranks of the German armed forces and possibly beyond. Above all, it...
Topic: Culture
Naval Postgraduate School
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This thesis establishes an analytical framework for identifying and discussing strategic factors considered when developing the Hungarian Special Forces (HUNSF) as a new \"niche\" capability of the Hungarian Defense Forces (HDF). Although the findings have broad application, focus is on the Hungarian Special Forces unit. Key questions are how will factors such as the strategic environment, changes in the nature of war and characteristics of potential adversaries affect the development...
Topics: Low-intensity conflicts (Military science), Strategy
The movement towards a Network Centric environment is changing the requirements for network management. The ability to quickly adapt to changing conditions is crucial to the success of joint forces; Information Technology systems are critical enablers of that flexibility. The challenge facing managers today is to provide robust, integrated, secure, and interoperable information systems and networks; a challenge that has never been more demanding than it is today. As the components of the DoD...
Topics: Computer networks, Information resources management
This thesis investigated the feasibility of deploying an integrated sensor-camera network in military and law enforcement applications. The system was built using entirely commercial-off-the-shelf technologies. The prototype used the unattended ground sensors combined with digital video surveillance cameras to provide accurate real-time situational awareness, persistent intelligence and remote security. A robust testing and evaluation plan was created to measure the system's performance based...
Topics: Cameras, Law enforcement
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Bortree, James R.
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Today, Information Operations (IO) is an area of emerging importance in military science. IO however is not new. Many of the elements of IO have existed for hundreds, and in the case of specific elements like military deception (MILDEC), for thousands of years. IO becomes more important in dealing with the conflicts we face today, particularly as modern wars transition away from the large force on force encounters of the past. This thesis focuses on the specific British IO lessons learned...
Topic: Insurgency
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Bradney, Jeremiah A.
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The Monterey Security Architecture (MYSEA) combines untrusted commercial-off-the-shelf components with specialized high-assurance trusted components to provide a trusted multilevel secure environment. However, MYSEA currently lacks a means of providing remote access to data on the MYSEA server, a vital service for users in any client-server environment. Access and interaction with both public and private server-resident data that is constrained by the underlying discretionary and mandatory...
Topics: WebDAV (Standard), Digital preservation
Naval Postgraduate School
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Screening experiments are procedures designed to identify the most important factors in simulation models. Previously proposed one-stage procedures such as sequential bifurcation (SB) and controlled sequential bifurcation (CSB) require factor effects to be arranged according to estimated sign or magnitude prior to screening. FF-CSB is a two-stage screening procedure for simulation experiments proposed by Sanchez et al. (2005) which uses an efficient fractional factorial experiment to estimate...
The Coalition Operating Area Surveillance and Targeting System (COASTS) program is a joint project between the Naval Postgraduate School and the Royal Thai Armed Forces (RTARF). The program focuses its research on command, control, communications, computers, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (C4ISR) uses for commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS), state-of-the-art, rapidly scaleable airborne and ground communications equipment, including various wireless network technologies. This research...
Topics: IEEE 80211 (Standard), Riverine operations
Naval Postgraduate School
May 5, 2019 Rushton, James A.
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Dissuasion is a strategy for persuading adversaries to seek acceptable alternatives to building threatening capabilities or adopting hostile intentions towards the United States. Dissuasion is a framework for organizing strategy directed at dealing with future threats. As such, it compliments other traditional national strategies (such as deterrence or coercion), and uses deterrence, coercion, and even appeasement, to meet overall policy goals. Dissuasion as a strategy was not formally...
Topics: Weapons of mass destruction, Strategy